Beauty & Style A-Z
Aerosols – About 2 billion aerosols are used worldwide each year. The first patent was granted by a Norwegian Chemical engineer back in 1926. The British Aerosol Manufacturers’ Association (BAMA) represents the industry.
Blusher – blusher has been used by people since the ancient Egyptian times. Ingredients that have been used to make blusher have ranged from crushed mulberries and strawberries in ancient Greece to the talcum-based powder we use today, the colouring of which is often derived from the petals of the safflower.
Bohemian – characterised with artistic interests yet focusing on more exotic patterns and textures. It is considered non-traditional in appearance.
Cleaning make-up brushes – taking care of your brushes helps their performance, extends their lifetime and most importantly prevents harmful bacteria from forming. Lip gloss brushes can spread herpes, pinkeye and conjunctivitis can be spread via eyeshadow and eye liner brushes.
Deodorant – if you use the same kind of deodorant over and over again, you can actually become immune to it. When your deodorant label reads ‘all day protection’ it is only required by the FDA to reduce sweat by 20%. However ‘extra strength’ deodorants are required to cut down sweat by 30%.
Exfoliation – Our skin exfoliates naturally when you’re younger. You skin will exfoliate naturally renewing itself about every 25 days. Washing your face is a form of exfoliation so make sure you avoid exfoliating your skin before and after you wax to prevent damage or discomfort from occurring.
False eyelashes – The improper attachment of fake lashes can damage the actual lashes. The extra pressure caused by the fake eye lashes can also damage the hair follicles, stopping eyelash grown temporarily or even permanently.
Flamboyant – Otherwise known as ‘dramatic’. Flamboyant is energetic, outgoing and bordering on ostentatious. Clothing of this style is often asymmetrical, exaggerated flouncing, fringe, multi-coloured, splashy. Some well known flamboyant artists include: Bjork, David Bowie, Liberace, Prince, Cher, Elton John, Grace Jones and even Diana Ross.
Guild of Professional Beauty Therapists – The Guild is the biggest professional beauty trade body in the UK. Established for 20 years, it has over 8,000 members (as of 2014) who are all fully qualified beauty and holistic therapists. The Guild offers membership and insurance and also a number of additional services including online training courses, gift vouchers, recruitment and accreditation of private training courses.
Hair – each strand of hair can include up to 14 different elements including gold. Human hair can be used to make an additive that is found in foods such as the dough of pizza crusts and bagels. The ancient Greeks believed that red heads would turn into vampires after they died. Hair contains information of what has been through your blood stream including minerals and drugs. Only 2% of the world’s population has blonde hair. The only part of your hair that isn’t dead is the hair that is inside your scalp.
Hipsters – Defined by Urban dictionary as ‘a subculture of men and women typically in their 20s and 30s that value independent thinking, counter-culture, progressive politics, an appreciation of art and indie-rock, creativity, intelligence and witty banter.’
Inactive Ingredient – The list of inactive ingredients is the part of an ingredient label that is not regulated by the FDA other than the requirement that it be a complete list of the contents in descending order of concentration; that is, the ingredient with the largest concentration is listed first, then the next largest, and so forth. Thousands and thousands of inactive ingredients are used in cosmetics, and there is controversy about how truly inactive these are in regard to safety as well as about their long-term or short-term effects on skin or the human body.
Jean Paul Gaultier – A French Haute Couture and Pret-a-Porter fashion designer. Jean Paul Gaultier was the Creative Director of Hermes from 2003 to 2010. His products range from fashion to fragrances, accessories and ready-to-wear collections. He was born in 1952.
Key ways to be kind to your skin – drink water, stress less, work out more, eat nuts and fish, decrease your sugar intake.
Lipstick – Lipstick can contain castor oil and fish scales to give it it’s shine. Every year between 800 and 900 million lipsticks are sold worldwide. According to a study by the university of Manchester, men spend an average of 7.3 seconds staring at women wearing red lipstick, 6.7 seconds staring at a women wearing pink lipstick and only 2.2 seconds staring at a women with bare lips.
Mascara – Many mascaras are made with an ingredient called guanine. The colorant is derived from fish scales – that’s what gives the mascara its shine. Mascara has the shortest lifespan of key beauty products – about 3-5 months. Most women instinctively open their mouths when applying mascara because it’s actually easier not to blink when your mouth is open.
Nail Polish – Storing nail polish in the fridge increases the shelf life of nail polish. Try to take a three day break every three weeks to keep your nails healthy. Nail polish remover never expires.
Organic beauty – the benefits of organic beauty are to minimise exposure to chemicals. They work better because they have superior ingredients.
Preppy – The Preppy style is often girly yet not too frilly or flowery. It is a combination of tights, A-line skirts, blouses, even headbands and can look expensive yet cost very little.
Punk – Having became popular in the 1970s, the Punk style had gone through different modifications yet fundamentally it is about being edgy and anti-materialistic. Glam punk has more bright colours, leather, spandex and leopard print tops whilst pop punk would include skinny jeans, wrist bands, band t-shirts.
Q-tips – 100% cotton swabs or cotton buds or ear buds, which consist of a small wad of cotton wrapped around one or both ends of a short rod, usually made of either wood, rolled paper or plastic. Q-tips are great for applying extra coats of mascara, eye shadow, concealer or even to use to get a quick fix for eye shadow creases. What you shouldn’t use them for though is to clean your ear canal as that only pushes the ear wax further inside.
Rocker – Rocker style can vary from being ultra-glam to ultra grunge. Typical clothing items would include ripped denim, vintage t-shirts and leather jackets.
Skin types – Normal skin type is not too dry and not too oily, none or few imperfections, no severe severe sensitivity, barely visible pores, a radiant complexion. Combination skin type – This can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others, such as the nose, forehead and chin (T-zone), overly dilated pores, blackheads, shiny skin. Dry Skin Type – Almost invisible pores, red patches, dull and rough complexion, less elasticity, more visible lines. Oily Skin Type – enlarged pores, dull or shiny, thick complexion, blackheads, pimples or other blemishes.
Traditional – This style shows the wholesome and sensible ‘girl next door’ look. The look is practical and appropriate and classic. Such items would include the classic black dress (as long as it suits the occasion).
Urban Outfitters – Founded in 1970, the outlet currently has more than 130 stores across the US, Canada and Europe, all offering an eclectic mix of merchandise. The target market is the urban-minded 18-30 year old. Products are sold both offline and online.
Vitamins – It is a well known fact vitamins are crucial to our good health and that vitamins A, C and E fight free radicals and include those all important antioxidants. Vitamin A is the best overall age-fighter; known to reduce wrinkles, fade brown spots and smooth roughness. Vitamin B3 alleviates redness. Vitamin C helps smooth and from skin and fade brown spots. Vitamin E eases dryness and bolsters the skin’s UV defence.
Western – Otherwise known as the Cowboy/Cowgirl theme. The western fashion is normally very informal and includes denim be it jeans and a denim jacket, suede including a fringe jacket, cowboy hat, leather belt and cowboy boots.
Xen-Tan, founded in the USA, is a range of revolutionary fake tan that includes a moisture rich formula and which has longer lasting results.
Yves Saint Laurent – The French fashion designer Yves Saint-Laurent (1936-2008) who started his career designing dresses for his sisters and mother when he was really young. It was when his mother took him to Paris aged 17 that he met the editor of French Vogue. After returning from the army he lost his job with Christian Dior and set up on his own. He is credited for democratising fashion and making it available to more people.
Zones – there are 14 zones across the face and the neck. The forehead is related to the digestive system, the area between the eyes – the liver, the ears – kidneys, the cheeks – respiratory distress, eyelids – kidneys, the nose – heightened blood pressure, the sides of the chin – hormones, base of the chin – poor diet and also the small intestine, and the neck – adrenal stress.